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to Returning Indians
who are wise won't be busy, and those who are too busy can't be wise." -- A
quote from The Importance of Living - The Noble Art of Leaving
Things Undone, by the great Chinese-American philosopher Lin
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Contribution to the World
- India never
invaded any country in her last 10000 years of history.
- India invented
the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta.
- The World's
first university was established in Takshila in 700BC. More than 10,500
students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University
of Nalanda built in the 4th century BC was one of the greatest achievements
of ancient India in the field of education.
- Sanskrit is
the mother of all the European languages. Sanskrit is the most suitable
language for computer software - a report in Forbes magazine, July 1987.
is the earliest school of medicine known to humans. Charaka, the father
of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Today Ayurveda is fast
regaining its rightful place in our civilization.
- Although modern
images of India often show poverty and lack of development, India was the
richest country on earth until the time of British invasion in the early
17th Century. Christopher Columbus was attracted by India's wealth.
- The art of
Navigation was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation
is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived
from Sanskrit 'Nou'.
calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years
before the astronomer Smart. Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th
century) 365.258756484 days.
- The value
of "pi" was first calculated by Budhayana, and he explained the concept
of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th
century long before the European mathematicians.
- Algebra, trigonometry
and calculus came from India. Quadratic equations were by Sridharacharya
in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used
were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10**53(10 to the power of
53) with specific names as early as 5000 BCE during the Vedic period. Even
today, the largest used number is Tera 10**12(10 to the power of 12).
to the Gemological Institute of America, up until 1896, India was the only
source for diamonds to the world.
- USA based
IEEE has proved what has been a century old suspicion in the world scientific
community that the pioneer of wireless communication was Prof. Jagdeesh
Bose and not Marconi.
- The earliest
reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra.
to Saka King Rudradaman I of 150 CE a beautiful lake called 'Sudarshana'
was constructed on the hills of Raivataka during Chandragupta Maurya's time.
- Chess (Shataranja
or AshtaPada) was invented in India.
- Sushruta is
the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time
conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs,
fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage
of anesthesia was well known in ancient India. Over 125 surgical equipment
were used. Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology,
digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts.
- When many
cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians
established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley Indus Valley Civilization)
- The place
value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC.